PLAYING MUSIC IN YOUR RESTAURANT
Chances are you will want to have music playing in your restaurant. You may have live musicians from time to time, you may want play your favorite CD's or you may pay someone to create some CDs for you that reflect the atmosphere you want.
In all these circumstances, you are broadcasting copyright material and must pay royalties for using the music in your business. Live performers usually play copy right material, when you purchase a CD you are only entitled to play it for your personal enjoyment, not in your business, and a CD created from the works of various composers is created from copyright material.
Canada's copyright laws require you pay to for the use of the music. Luckily, this has been made easy and inexpensive. The Federal Government, who have authority over copyright material, have given the administration of collecting royalties to the Society of Composers, Authors and Musicians of Canada (SOCAN). This is simplified by issuing an annual licence to use music in places of business. The licence fee depends on the manner in which the music is used. Most restaurants use background music. The licence for background music is $94.51 or $1.23 per square metre or 11.46¢ per square foot, whichever is greater (only half the licence fee is paid by establishment open less than six months of the year.)
Buying your licence fee assures the composer or songwriter receives the royalties they're entitled to receive. SOCAN has reciprocal agreements with every country in the world, and pays a share of their licence fees to other countries to distribute to their composers and songwriters. In turn, SOCAN collects royalties for Canadians whose work is played outside Canada.
It is illegal to play music without a licence. Failure to have a licence can lead to a business being taken to court and required to pay substantial legal penalties as well as costs being imposed under the Canadian Copyright Act.
You can contact SOCAN for more information. Their website is www.socan.ca.
When do I not have to pay for a music licence?
- If you only have an un amplified (i.e. no additional speakers attached) radio playing, the radio station has already received the licence.
- If you use a professional "piped in" music provider, make sure they are licensed to provide you the music. If so, then you are covered by their licence fees.
- If you only play music in the public domain (meaning the composer or songwriter has been dead for 50 years or more) you may not need a licence.
Sources for Public Domain Music:
Community driven music repository. MP3 recordings of public domain music. As the site puts it: “This project exists so that educational institutions and the general public can have free, unlimited access to all kinds of music that have expired copyrights.” Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and early 20th century works.
The recordings on this site have been placed in the public domain, so there are no restrictions on what you may do with them. The site’s operators ask that you don’t directly sell the recordings for profit, though, and that you give credit to Musopen for any material that you use. Now, technically, you don’t have to do either of those things ... but I’ll leave that to your conscience.
Downloadabe MP3s. Various works and artists, from Sophie Tucker to the US Marine Band to Giusseppe Verdi. Many sound recordings here are in the US public domain, but not all. The bibliographic record for each work includes its copyright status, so take a look. If the work is copyrighted, a license will apply ... so always check the work’s Readme file. If you don’t, well, it’ll be your own damn fault if you get into trouble.
24 collections in the Library of Congress’ American Memory include sound recordings. There’s a mix of spoken word and music recordings — you can hear person-on-the-street interviews made just after the attack on Pearl Harbor, as well as recations to the September 11 attacks. What else? The stories of former slaves ... Thomas Edison’s sound recordings ... Northern California folk music from the 1930s ... and more. Check the list.
Many of the sound recordings in these collections don’t have copyright restrictions on them, but some certainly do. Each collection has a “Copyright and Other Restrictions” page that gives rights information specific to it. So read it.
Recipes by Gina - Recipe of the Moment
Leek & Smoked Cheddar Tart
- 1kg leeks
- 100g butter #44115
- 6 eggs #33520
- 300ml whipping cream #44166
- 1 tbsp dijon mustard (#7100)
- 180g of smoked cheddar, grated #20620
- Fresh thyme stalks, tied with string into a bundle
- 500g pastry – homemade or 9" deep dish pie shell #36305
- Pre-heat the oven to 400F. Roll out the pastry and line an 11" pie plate. Place in the freezer for about 15 minutes to firm up.
- Trim the leeks; if they are thick then quarter them lengthways before slicing roughly 1cm thick, thinner ones can just be halved lengthways before slicing. Then wash them thoroughly.
- Melt the butter in a wide pan on a medium heat, then add the leeks. Turn the heat up to high, add the thyme, season and put a lid on.
- Take the tart case out of the freezer and bake for 10-15 minutes. Once it is beginning to brown, mix the yolk of one of the eggs with a tablespoon of cream, brush this all over the base, sides and crown of the tart and put back in the oven for 10 minutes or until shiny and golden. Piercing crust bubbles, cool crust in pan on cooling rack.Reduce oven temperature to 350F.
- Stir the leeks regularly for a further 20 minutes or until they are well softened. (keeping the lid on between stirs)
- Crack the eggs into a big mixing bowl and whisk in the cream and mustard. Stir in the cheddar, then add the hot, softened leeks, discarding the thyme bundle. Season well, ladle the mix carefully into the tart case and cook for about 40 minutes, until light golden brown on top, and the egg has set. If you are using the 9" pie shells shorten the baking time and raise the temperature of the oven slightly.
- Let it sit for 10 minutes before cutting. Serves 8.